CHOCOLATE FISH MERINO™, Prop. A. M. Kenwrick, Office: 26 Regent Avenue,
Leeds LS18 4NJ, West Yorkshire, UK.
Tel: +44 (0)113 228 9591 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Legal Notices Chocolate Fish Merino all rights reserved 2014
New Zealand Merino-
& Merino Baselayer
Why settle for less than the best?
Under a microscope, this is what various fibres look like :
Wicking? Or just dripping!
There is a lot of pseudo-
The problem is that most oil-
Capillary action is often demonstrated by lowering the end of a vertical glass tube into a liquid such as water. A concave meniscus forms. Adhesion forces between the fluid and the solid inner wall pulls the liquid column up the hollow tube until there is a sufficient mass of liquid for gravitational forces to overcome these intermolecular forces.
So, unless a synthetic fibre is hollow, it is hard to see how it can create capillary action. What really seems to happen is the downward and outward sloping of the the lines of knitting help the moisture to move away from the body. This is dripping.
Merino, like all wools, absorbs moisture, but instead of being held close to the skin, the moisture is then shed it to its outer surface. This is true "wicking". No synthetic can do it -
Keeping Dry & Comfortable
There is a commonly held belief that a wicking base layer will stop your clothing becoming damp and sweaty. This is not necessarily true. It depends on what you are wearing on top of your baselayer.
When you work hard your body produces perspiration to help you keep cool. If you are stark naked, this sweat normally evaporates from the surface of your skin. If you are wearing a single layer of absorbent clothing, the sweat will be absorbed by this layer, and eventually evaporate into the atmosphere if it is warm enough. When you stop working hard, or just slow down a bit, and start to cool down, the absorbent layer you are wearing will become cold and damp next to your skin.
A “wicking” garment is supposed to pass the perspiration through from your skin to the next clothing layer. However it can only pass it from its own inner surface to its own outer surface. Each succeeding layer must do it's own job of passing on the perspiration to the next layer until it eventually gets to the outer surface and is passed into the atmosphere. If one of these intermediate layers is absorbent it will absorb the perspiration as well as passing it on -
You can therefore have the situation of wearing high performance wicking underwear giving you a dry comfortable skin but your cotton or synthetic midlayer is very damp under your breathable jacket, making you feel cold -
For maximum performance wicking underwear requires a middle layer which will wick at a similar rate and an outer layer capable of passing the perspiration rapidly to the atmosphere. Because of merino's ability to both absorb and shed moisture, and because of its ability to keep you warm even when wet, it makes an ideal base layer and mid layer under any outer layer.
There’s saying amongst those who spend time in the outdoors in all weathers -
When undertaking any exercise, the body sweats. Cotton, like all cellulose-
There are other cellulose-
Bamboo fabric is in fact old fashioned "Rayon". It wasn't good for outdoor gear back in the day and in our opinion it isn't now. It's "environmental" credentials are so doubtful as are it's claims to be "antimicrobial" that the US Federal Trade Commission has ruled that in the US, these claims cannot be made at all.
Silk is equally poor as a fibre for outdoor clothing, as it’s also very absorbent and loses its insulating properties when wet. The only reason it was added to wool for undergarments was to reduce the itch factor or coarse wools.